Federal Employment Benefits

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Learn More About Federal Employment Benefits

Understanding federal retirement plans can be complex. Let the team at Advanced Capital Management  help you plan for retirement with an experienced Certified Federal Retirement Consultant (FRC), who understands the system and how to get the most out of your Federal retirement.


The Federal Employees’ Group Life Insurance Program (FEGLI) is available to federal employees. FEGLI is term life insurance at group rates. Federal employees who elect to have this coverage give permission to pay the premiums as a payroll deduction automatically.

Federal employees who do not want this insurance coverage must elect to waive basic coverage, and if they do so, they cannot apply for any optional FEGLI coverage separately.

Key Points About FEGLI Basic Coverage

  • Premiums increase every five years.
  • Premiums double every ten years.
  • FEGLI is term life insurance that does not build cash value.
  • Death benefits are paid to beneficiaries.
    Basic coverage includes Accidental Death &
  • Dismemberment at no additional cost.
    The federal employee receives dismemberment benefits for an accident causing limb loss.
  • The federal government pays one-third of the basic coverage cost for most federal workers.
  • Basic coverage is free for U.S. Postal Service workers.
  • Basic coverage cost does not depend on age.
  • The basic coverage amount is the employee’s annual salary, rounded up to the next higher thousand dollars, plus two thousand dollars.
  • Basic coverage includes Extra Benefits for those under age 45.
  • Extra Benefits are double the death benefit if the employee dies at age 35 or younger.
  • Extra Benefits decrease each year by 10%, starting from age 36, becoming zero by age 45.
    For those who do not waive coverage, basic coverage starts from the first day of duty as a new hire or when otherwise eligible.

Optional Coverage

  • Optional coverage cost depends on age, and federal employees pay the full amount.
  • Optional coverage A is $10,000 of life insurance.
  • Optional coverage B is one to five times the employee’s salary.
  • Optional coverage C is family insurance with coverage for the employee’s spouse and eligible dependent children.

A Qualifying Life Event Opens an Enrollment Opportunity

A qualifying life event (QLE) for the FEGLI program is a marriage, divorce, spouse’s death, or adding an eligible child. If a QLE occurs, the employee may elect to have basic coverage and optional coverage. If they already have basic coverage, they may increase optional B or C coverage up to five times the basic coverage level.

Enrollment may be possible during rare Open Seasons for the FEGLI program, but FEGLI enrollment is not available during the annual Federal Benefits Open Season.

Disadvantages of FEGLI

The main disadvantages of FEGLI are the rising premium costs as a federal employee gets older. For those who have FEGLI, premiums may become very high as they get older, making this life insurance too costly, right at the time when it is most needed in the later stages of life.

NO cash value accumulates.

Life benefits are limited to dismemberment under the Accidental Death & Dismemberment coverage. There is no living benefit for a critical, chronic, or terminal illness.

FEGLI Stops After Leaving a Federal Job

FEGLI coverage continues for free for 31 days after separating from federal employment. FEGLI does not continue after that. However, a former federal employee has the right to convert FEGLI coverage to an individual non-FEGLI policy.

Alternatives to FEGLI

Better coverage is available, such as coverage with steady premiums that do not increase over the policy’s life. Alternatives to FEGLI may build cash value and include living benefits paid to the insured for those who experience a critical, chronic, or terminal illness.

To learn more about your FEGLI benefits and FEGLI alternatives, call 727-542–7659 or send an email to contact us for an in-depth insurance review of your existing coverage and a complimentary evaluation, including our expert recommendations for you and your family.


Congress passed legislation creating the Federal Employees Retirement System in 1986 and it became effective as of January 1, 1987.

It replaced the Civil Service Retirement System and is the primary retirement plan for civilian U.S. federal employees.

Under FERS, employees acquire retirement benefits in three ways:

  • Social Security benefits
  • A Basic Benefit Plan for which employees a charged a minimal fee
  • A Thrift Savings Plan (TSP) that includes automatic government contributions, voluntary employee contributions and matching government contributions

Under the FERS, employees need to pay towards the Basic Benefit and Social Security components in each pay period via withholdings by the federal agency that is the employer.

After you retire, benefits are paid out monthly as an annuity payment for the rest of your life.

The Basic Benefit Plan, also known as a defined benefit plan, pays out a benefit based on the last consecutive three years of service and total years of service. Workers accrue a benefit of 1 percent per year of service, while those who retire at age 62 or later with more than 20 years of service receive 1.1 percent per year.

The TSP, administered and managed by the Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board, works differently. Each pay period, the employer deposits 1 percent of the employee’s basic pay into an investment account. Employees also make contributions, which are matched. The level of required contributions varies depending on when the employee was hired.

The TSP contributions are all tax-deferred.

Eligibility Requirements

The FERS eligibility requirements vary, based on the employee’s age, contributions to the plan and years of service. The plan is considered less generous than the Civil Service plan that preceded it, but more generous than many corporate retirement plans.

There are four types of benefit payouts:

  • Immediate: For those who retire at the minimum retirement age with at least 10 but fewer than 30 years of service, the benefit is reduced by 5 percent a year for each year before you turn 62. However, if you have 20 years of service and you start receiving this benefit when you turn 60 or later, this restriction does not apply
  • Deferred: The same timing and age provisions as with the immediate benefits apply here
  • Disability. If you are disabled while working in a FERS-eligible position, and is expected to last one year or more, you are eligible for disability benefits. The agency needs to confirm that it cannot accommodate you in the present position and that you have been considered for other positions at the same level and pay rate within the same commuting area
  • Early: Under certain involuntary separation cases, or when voluntary separation is made during a reduction in force or significant reduction in force, an early retirement benefit is available

When a federal employee dies, their spouse and other survivors may be eligible for a monthly or lump-sum payment.

Understanding federal retirement plans can be complex. , Let the team at Advanced Capital Management  help you plan for retirement with an experienced Certified Federal Retirement Consultant (FRC), who understands the system and how to get the most out of your Federal retirement. To learn more, contact us today.



A substantial benefit for federal employees is their participation in the Federal Employee Retirement System (FERS). The FERS offers a Basic Benefit Plan and a Thrift Savings Plan, along with standard Social Security benefits for federal employees. The FERS Basic Benefit Plan is a defined-benefits plan.

For federal employees who become vested in the Basic Benefit Plan, it provides a pension at a certain age. Vesting occurs after having at least five years of creditable service as a federal employee. This creditable service as a federal employee includes civil service jobs, federal agency positions, and military service.

Minimum Retirement Age

After a federal employee retires, the FERS pension comes as monthly annuity payments. Your minimum retirement age (MRA), years of service, and age determine the eligibility for the retirement benefits from federal employment.

Your MRA depends on the year that you were born according to this schedule:

  • The MRA begins at 55 years old for those born before 1948.
  • The MRA increases incrementally, from age 55, by two months for each birth year from 1948 to 1952.
  • For those born from 1953 to 1964, the MRA is 56 years old.
  • The MRA increases incrementally from age 56 by two months for each birth year from 1965 to 1969.
  • In 1970, and every year after, the MRA is 57 years old.

How the MRA Impacts Retirement Benefits Qualifications

There are four categories of retirement benefits: immediate, early, deferred, and disability. The MRA determines eligibility in most categories.

Immediate Benefits

Immediate benefits are “effective” 30 days from the date you retire. This effective date does not mean you will get a retirement check within 30 days because the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) must process your retirement paperwork first before sending any payments. Depending on how busy the OPM is when you retire, it can take months for your first check to arrive. It is usually only 80% of your estimated monthly retirement benefit. Your actual monthly payment is determined when the OPM finishes the full evaluation.

Eligibility begins at age 60 for those with 20 years of service or 62 for those with at least five years of service. Eligibility begins at the MRA for those with 10 to 30 or more years of service.

If you retire at your MRA with at least ten but fewer than 30 years of service, the immediate benefits are reduced by 5% per year for each year under 62. The exception is when you have 20 years of service, and your benefits start at age 60 or older.

Early Benefits

An early retirement benefit may be available for voluntary separation and certain involuntary separation cases during a major reduction or reorganization of forces. In such circumstances, retirement benefits are available for those with 20 years of service at age 50. For those with 25 years of service, retirement benefits are available at any age.

Deferred Benefits

This category is for a delayed benefit until meeting certain age-related criteria. If you have at least five years of service, you must wait until age 62 for your retirement benefits to start.

If you have 10 to 30 or more years of service, you must wait until your MRA to receive benefits.

If you retire at your MRA with at least ten but fewer than 30 years of service, the benefits are reduced by 5% per year for each year under 62. The exception is when you have 20 years of service, and your benefits start at age 60 or older.

Disability Benefits

For those with at least 18 months of service, disability benefits are available at any age. The certification from your healthcare provider is that the disability will last at least one year. You must be disabled while employed in a job subject to the FERS. Due to injury or disease, your agency must certify that you cannot work in your current position or in a suitable reassignment position that accommodates your disability.

Death Benefits

A spouse, or other qualified survivors, may become eligible for a lump-sum payment or monthly annuity payments upon the death of a federal employee who already met retirement criteria.

Talk to an Experienced Certified Federal Retirement Consultant for More Information.

To learn more about annuities as part of your retirement planning, contact Advanced Capital Management using the webform or call 727-542-7659 to get an annuity quote.


The thrift Savings Plan (TSP) is a retirement plan for federal employees. Understanding how the TSP works and how to maximize your contributions is a smart way to build your retirement account and plan for your future.

What is a Thrift Savings Plan?

Similar to a 401(k), the TSP allows employees to contribute a portion of each paycheck to the plan, with the federal government contributing as well. The Federal Employees’ Retirement Security Act of 1986 established the plan.

Like a 401(k), the TSP is the world’s largest defined contribution plan, with more than $558 billion in assets and more than 5 million account-holders.

Federal employees and military members may enroll in the plan. Contributions to your account can be invested in various fund types. Investing in a TSP also has considerable tax advantages, depending in the investment path you choose.

In 2022, employees can contribute up to $20,500 annually to the TSP. Employees 50 and over can contribute $27,000.

TSP Plan Options – Traditional and Roth

Employees opening TSP accounts have two options for investments – traditional or Roth. It’s also possible to invest in both types, although the total annual limit remains the same.

Here’s a look at the two types.

Traditional. Contributions to traditional plans are made before taxes are computed. That approach lowers your adjusted gross income.

Contributions made to a traditional TSP grow tax-deferred until you make a withdrawal.

Roth. Roth contributions are taken from after-tax income. That means your take-home pay is reduced and your gross income is not changed.

However, when you make qualified withdrawals from a Roth TSP account, they are tax-free.

To be a qualified withdrawal, the Roth TSP account must have been opened at least five years. The account owner must be either 59½ or permanently disabled. If the account owner makes a non-qualified withdrawal, they pay a 10 percent penalty.

Roth TSP account holders do have to pay taxes on the earnings made on the withdrawal amount.

Roth TSPs are a good choice for those who may have a higher tax rate in retirement.

Employer Matches

If you are a member of either the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) or Blended Retirement System (BRS), your agency or service wing will make contributions to your TSP account.

The employer contributes 1 percent of your pay, either immediately or after 60 days of service, depending on the system you are in. Whether you contribute anything, the employer makes the 1 percent contribution.

After two years of employment, you are eligible for a match of your contributions. The government matches 1:1 for the first 3 percent you contribute and 50 cents for each dollar for the next 2 percent.

The matched dollars will be taxed in retirement, whether you choose a traditional or Roth account.

Understand Your Options with a Trusted Financial Advisor

Retirement time

When you leave federal employment, you have a few choices for how to take the money from your retirement account. You can:

1.) Withdraw all of the money as a taxable lump sum.

2.) Withdraw the money in equal monthly payments based on the dollar amount or actuarial tables.

3.) Have the TSP purchase a life annuity for you.

4.) Work with a Federal Retirement Consultant (FRC) to perform a rollover to a Traditional IRA and/or Roth IRA, and for advanced income planning, asset allocation, investment management, forward-looking tax planning, health care planning and legacy planning.

The first option listed above — withdrawing all your money as a lump sum — exposes 100% of your Traditional TSP balance to federal income taxes (and possibly state income taxes) in the tax year withdrawn.

The second option is likely unrealistic for most separated federal employees, and likely won’t work as well as other retirement income options. Since one's life expectancy is different than another's. Complete the short Form at the bottom of this page, so that you can at least consider other income options that may work better for you. It’s always best to have choices.

The third option gives the TSP the job of purchasing a life annuity for you. With this option  control is given up.  If you’re going to consider a life annuity for retirement income, we recommend you Complete the Form at the bottom of the page and see if the TSP’s life annuity is your best option. It may not be.

The fourth option may be a good choice for you if you’d like broader — and possibly better — options than just the five funds that are available to you in your TSP, and if advanced income planning, asset allocation, investment management, forward-looking tax planning, health care planning and legacy planning are important to you.

The TSP system is an invaluable way to save for your future while serving your country. At Advanced Capital Management, we help government employees and other clients with investment and retirement strategies to get the most out of your hard-earned dollars. To learn more, contact us today.

How Advanced Capital Management Helps You Maximize Your Federal Employment Benefits For Retirement

January 17, 2023

Retirement is one of the most important financial milestones you will face in your life. As a federal employee, you access incredible benefits and retirement plans to help you achieve your financial goals. With so many options available, it can be tough to understand which benefits are right for you and how to maximize your retirement savings.

That’s where our certified Federal Retirement Consultants (FRCs) come in. As certified experts in federal benefits and retirement planning, they’ll provide personalized guidance and support to help you make the most of your retirement benefits.

The Federal Employees’ Group Life Insurance (FEGLI) program offers key benefits to federal employees. This program provides life insurance coverage to eligible employees and their beneficiaries, and as an important part of your overall retirement strategy, should be considered when planning. Our FRCs can help you understand your options under the FEGLI program and how to maximize your coverage.

The Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) Basic Benefit Plan is another important benefit option that provides a basic pension for eligible employees Our FRCs can help you understand how the FERS Basic Benefit Plan works, and how to maximize those benefits to meet your financial goals.

Federal employees can also access the FERS Minimum Retirement Age (MRA) option which allows eligible employees to retire and receive full benefits at a reduced age (subject to certain conditions). Our FRCs can help you understand the FERS MRA option’s requirements and conditions to see if it’s right for you.

Finally, federal employees are eligible for the Thrift Savings Plan (TSP), a retirement savings and investment plan designed to supplement your pension benefits. The TSP is a low-cost, tax-deferred plan that provides a convenient way to save for your future. Understand the TSP and learn more about how to maximize your contributions and investment strategies with our FRCs.

The Federal Employees Retirement

Working with Advanced Capital Management’s team of certified Federal Retirement Consultants (FRCs) can help you get the most out of your retirement benefits. Get personalized guidance and support with key knowledge to make informed decisions about your retirement planning. Reach out to us today and let’s work together to help you achieve your financial goals.

Whether you’re planning your estate or considering options for your retirement, reach out to us for expert advice that maximizes your investment returns. Get your 20-minute Benefits Review today and leave the confusion behind.

Find Retirement Planning Strategies Today to Enjoy Life Tomorrow

Florida, Texas, Tennessee, Ohio, Pennsylvania. Michigan, Maryland, Wisconsin, & Nevada. Your ACM professional will work closely with you to create a comprehensive insurance based financial solution, that exceeds your financial goals. Drawing on a wide range of disciplines, we craft a long term personalized plan that ensures your assets work in concert, carefully preserving principal and maximizing return for you and your family. Call us today to get your 20-minute benefits review and get specialized access to guaranteed insurance-based financial solutions.

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